Android Intent 功能 (Intent跳轉到系統應用中的撥號界面、聯系人界面、短信界面及其他)
[ 在網上找了好多,發現這個最好用,記載又清楚,copy 過來儲存一下,以免未來忘記了。]

撥號界面 (直接打開dial page):

Intent intent =new Intent();
intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");
startActivity(intent);



Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(intent);

(有些手機不是用android default 的dial page, 而是用本身的dial pad 就需要跳轉到應用)
但是如果是跳轉到應用:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

到通話記錄界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);
startActivity(intent);

到聯系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);
startActivity(intent);

同理,到應用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT");
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

調用聯系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);
startActivity(intent);

插入聯系人

Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));
startActivity(intent);

到聯系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);

到短信界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此為號碼
startActivity(intent);

到應用:

Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");
startActivity(intent);

1.從google搜索內容

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")
startActivity(intent);

2.瀏覽網頁

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);


3.顯示地圖

Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

4.路徑規劃

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);
startActivity(it);

5.撥打電話

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(it);



uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);
intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);
startActivity(intent);

6.調用發短信的程序

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
startActivity(it);



uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要發送短信的對方的number);
intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);
startActivity(intent);



mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));
mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
startActivity(mIntent);

7.發送短信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");
startActivity(it);
String body="this is sms demo";
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);
startActivity(mmsintent);

8.發送彩信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
it.setType("image/png");
startActivity(it);
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append("file://");
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);

9.發送Email

Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");
it.setType("text/plain");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");
it.setType("message/rfc822");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));

10.播放多媒體

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");
startActivity(it);
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);

11.uninstall apk

Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);
startActivity(it);

12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

13. 打開照相機

<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);
this.sendBroadcast(i);
<2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();
String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";
fileName = folder + name;
ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);
values.put("_data", fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);
values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(
MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);

Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);
startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);

14.從gallery選取圖片

Intent i = new Intent();
i.setType("image/*");
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
startActivityForResult(i, 11);

15. 打開錄音機

Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);
startActivity(mi);

16.顯示應用詳細列表 (Google Play)

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");
//Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id="); // Search by package name
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);


17尋找應用 (Google Play)

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);


18打開聯系人列表

<1>
Intent i = new Intent();
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);

<2>
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

19 打開另一程序

Intent i = new Intent();
ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",
"com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");
i.setComponent(cn);
i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");
startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);

20 添加到短信收件箱

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
cv.put("type", "1");
cv.put("address","短信地址");
cv.put("body", "短信內容");
getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv);


21 從sim卡或者聯系人中查詢

Cursor cursor;
Uri uri;
if (type == 1) {
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));
uri = intent.getData();
} else
uri = People.CONTENT_URI;

cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);
while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);
int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME);
int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);}

查看某個聯系人,當然這裡是ACTION_VIEW,如果為選擇並返回action改為ACTION_PICK,當然處理intent時返回需要用到 startActivityforResult

Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最後的ID參數為聯系人Provider中的數據庫BaseID,即哪一行

Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent);

22 刪除

uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 聯系人id);
int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null);

23 添加到聯系人:

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
ArrayList operationList = new ArrayList();
ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);
builder.withValues(cv);
operationList.add(builder.build());
builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);
builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);
builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定義聯系人名");
operationList.add(builder.build());
builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);
builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);
builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "聯系人的phonenumber");
builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);
operationList.add(builder.build());
try {
getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);
} catch (RemoteException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (OperationApplicationException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

23 選擇一個圖片

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
intent.setType("image/*");
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

24 調用Android設備的照相機,並設置拍照後存放位置

Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj", android123 + ".jpg"))); //存放位置為sdcard卡上cwj文件夾,文件名為android123.jpg格式
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的寫法如下

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);

26 獲取文件信息,並使用相對應軟件打開

private void openFile(File f)
{
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
String type = getMIMEType(f);
intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);
startActivity(intent);
}

private String getMIMEType(File f){
String end = f
.getName()
.substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,
f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();
String type = "";
if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")
|| end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")
|| end.equals("mp4"))
{
type = "audio";
} else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")
|| end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg"))
{
type = "image";
} else
{
type = "*";
}
type += "/*";
return type;
}

[原文: http://blog.csdn.net/aomandeshangxiao/article/details/6938729]
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